Legionella occurrence and risk

By the Environmental Protection Agency

Premise plumbing systems have been identified as a source of legionella infection (Stout et al., 1992; Muder et al., 1986). Within healthcare facilities such as hospitals and nursing homes, potable water supply is the most common source of exposure (Lin et al., 2011a). Exposure to legionellae has also been associated with other types of premise plumbing systems (such as hotels and other buildings with complex water distribution systems) (Silk et al., 2012; Hung et al., 1993; Tobin et al., 1981a and 1981b).

Technologies for legionella control in premise plumbing systems

By the US Environmental Protection Agency

Plumbing Africa reproduces this summary in the interest of plumbers understanding their critical role in safeguarding the health of people. The plumber makes the design happen, and any deviation from standards and legislation is irresponsible, as such action will result in the cultivation of waterborne diseases.

Providing the right battery

Effectively harnessing South Africa’s abundant solar energy in a business environment offers both environmental and cost-saving benefits. However, when introducing a solar solution, many companies find themselves facing unexpected challenges due to incorrect set-up and battery usage.

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