How plumbing eradicated disease – part 1

Vaccines get all the glory, but most plumbers will tell you that it was water infrastructure – sewage systems and clean water – that eradicated disease, and they’re right.

Read more: How plumbing eradicated disease – part 1

Plumbing as a health profession

Although the plumbing industry has a history spanning more than 2000 years, it was only about 150 years ago that significant breakthroughs occurred which proved, beyond all doubt, that it was an industry which made a major contribution to public health.

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Managing legionella in hot and cold water systems

Managing legionella in hot and cold water systems

Legionella bacteria is commonly found in water. The bacteria multiply where temperatures are between 20-45°C and nutrients are available. The bacteria are dormant below 20°C and do not survive above 60°C.

Read more: Managing legionella in hot and cold water systems

Fuel potential of faecal sludge: Results from Uganda, Ghana and Senegal

By: A. Murray Muspratt, T. Nakato, C. Niwagaba, H. Dione, J. Kang, L. Stupin, J. Regulinski, M. Mbéguéré and L. Strande

The results of studies conducted in three African cities show how converting faecal sludge to a renewable biofuel may be a means of tackling sanitation challenges in sub-Saharan Africa

Read more: Fuel potential of faecal sludge: Results from Uganda, Ghana and Senegal

The advantages of composting toilets

Composting toilets use the natural processes of decomposition and evaporation to recycle human waste. But what are the advantages of using a system like this?

Read more: The advantages of composting toilets

The ins and outs of composting toilets

Composting toilets use the natural processes of decomposition and evaporation to recycle human waste. Waste entering the toilets is over 90% water, which is evaporated and carried back to the atmosphere through the vent system. The small amount of remaining solid material is converted to useful fertilising soil by natural decomposition.

Read more: The ins and outs of composting toilets

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